How Is Periodontal Disease Diagnosed?
At your appointment, we can diagnose periodontal disease based on your symptoms, risk factors, and the results of your physical exam. We may also take X-rays to look for bone loss or gum recession.
What are the treatment options for periodontal disease?
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing, also known as deep cleaning, removes bacteria and plaque from beneath the gums. It can also help to break up the toxins that build up on the roots of the teeth.
Flap surgery is a surgical method used to treat periodontal disease. During this procedure, the dentist will fold back the gums and gently remove tartar, plaque, and bacteria. After the gums have been thoroughly cleaned, the gums will be repositioned.
When a tooth has been damaged by decay or injury, dentists will often perform a bone graft. The graft helps preserve or restore the damaged bone.
Guided Tissue Regeneration
Guided tissue regeneration is a procedure that restores health to a damaged periodontal (gum) tissue. The procedure is often recommended after gum disease treatment, such as a deep cleaning or scaling and root planing to treat gum recession. It uses the body’s own natural ability to heal itself.
During the procedure, a membrane is placed over the area of gum recession. This membrane covers the roots and bone graft material. The membrane keeps the tissue in place and aids in tissue regeneration. Over time, your body will replace the membrane with healthy tissue. In addition to restoring gum tissue, it can also restore bone support.
Unlike the traditional cut-and-stitch method of treating periodontal disease, laser dentistry focuses on eliminating bacteria from the gums. Lasers are also used to heal gum tissue and encourage new growth. There is no cutting involved, which means less recovery time, less discomfort, and fewer side effects.
Gum Surgery (Pocket Reduction Surgery)
But if gum disease has progressed, pocket reduction surgery may be recommended. This is a more detailed procedure where tartar, plaque, and bacteria are removed from deep periodontal pockets.